scale1 W2S3 [skeıl] n
3¦(for weighing)¦
4¦(measuring system)¦
5¦(measuring marks)¦
10¦(water pipes)¦
11 the scales fell from somebody's eyes
1.) ¦(SIZE/LEVEL)¦ [singular, U]
the size or level of something, or the amount that something is happening
scale of
We had underestimated the scale of the problem.
on a large/small/grand etc scale
There has been housing development on a massive scale since 1980.
Most alternative technologies work best on a small scale.
A structural survey revealed the full scale of the damage.
I was shocked by the sheer scale (=very big scale) of the destruction.
on a global/international/world scale
Pollution could cause changes to weather patterns on a global scale.
Large firms benefit from economies of scale (=ways of saving money because they are big) .
2.) ¦(RANGE)¦ [C usually singular]
a whole range of different types of people or things, from the lowest level to the highest
Some rural schools have 50 pupils, while at the other end of the scale are city schools with nearly 5,000 pupils.
up/down the scale
She gradually made her way up the social scale .
animals which are lower down the evolutionary scale (=the range of animals that have developed gradually over a long time)
scales [plural] BrE scale AmE
a machine for weighing people or objects
a set of kitchen scales
some new bathroom scales (=scales that you use to weigh yourself)
a system of numbers that is used for measuring the amount, speed, quality etc of something
on a scale
The earthquakes measured 7 on the Richter scale.
changes to the company's pay scale
Your performance will be judged on a scale of 1 to 10.
We use a sliding scale (=in which prices are not firmly fixed) for charges.
a set of marks with regular spaces between them on a tool that is used for measuring, or on the side of a mathematical drawing
a ruler with a metric scale
6.) ¦(MAP/MODEL)¦ [U and C]
the relationship between the size of a map, drawing, or model and the actual size of the place or thing that it represents
a map with a scale of 1:250,000
to scale
All our models are made to scale.
scale model/drawing etc
(=one done using a strict scale)
a scale drawing of the Eiffel Tower
7.) ¦(MUSIC)¦
a series of musical notes that become higher or lower, with fixed distances between each note
the scale of G major
8.) ¦(FISH)¦ [C usually plural]
one of the small flat pieces of skin that cover the bodies of fish, snakes etc
9.) ¦(TEETH)¦[U]
BrE a white substance that forms on your teeth
10.)¦(WATER PIPES)¦[U]
a white substance that forms around the inside of hot water pipes or containers in which water is boiled
11.) the scales fell from sb's eyes
literary used to say that someone suddenly realized something important
scale 2
scale2 v [T]
1.) to climb to the top of something that is high and difficult to climb
Rescuers had to scale a 300m cliff to reach the injured climber.
2.) technical to make writing or a picture the right size for a particular purpose
scale sth to sth
The writing can be scaled to any size, depending on the paper.
3.) scale the heights
to be extremely successful
By the age of 21 he had already scaled the heights in the academic world.
scale down/back [scale sth<=>down/back] phr v
to reduce the amount or size of something
The emergency aid programme has now been scaled down.
scale up [scale sth<=>up] phr v
to increase the amount or size of something
Production at the factory is being scaled up.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • SCALE-UP — is a learning environment specifically created to facilitate active, collaborative learning in a studio like setting. Some people think the rooms look more like restaurants than classrooms [ J. Gaffney, E. Richards, M.B. Kustusch, L. Ding, and R …   Wikipedia

  • scale — scale1 [skāl] n. [ME < LL scala (in Vulg., Jacob s ladder) < L, usually as pl., scalae, flight of stairs, ladder < * scandsla < scandere, to climb: see DESCEND] 1. Obs. a) a ladder or flight of stairs b) any means of ascent 2 …   English World dictionary

  • Scale — Scale, n. [Cf. AS. scealu, scalu, a shell, parings; akin to D. schaal, G. schale, OHG. scala, Dan. & Sw. skal a shell, Dan. ski[ae]l a fish scale, Goth. skalja tile, and E. shale, shell, and perhaps also to scale of a balance; but perhaps rather… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, n. [L. scalae, pl., scala staircase, ladder; akin to scandere to climb. See {Scan}; cf. {Escalade}.] 1. A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] 2. Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • scale — Ⅰ. scale [1] ► NOUN 1) each of the small overlapping plates protecting the skin of fish and reptiles. 2) a thick dry flake of skin. 3) a white deposit formed in a kettle, boiler, etc. by the evaporation of water containing lime. 4) tartar formed… …   English terms dictionary

  • Scale — (sk[=a]l), n. [AS. sc[=a]le; perhaps influenced by the kindred Icel. sk[=a]l balance, dish, akin also to D. schaal a scale, bowl, shell, G. schale, OHG. sc[=a]la, Dan. skaal drinking cup, bowl, dish, and perh. to E. scale of a fish. Cf. {Scale}… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Scaled}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Scaling}.] To weigh or measure according to a scale; to measure; also, to grade or vary according to a scale or system. [1913 Webster] Scaling his present bearing with his past. Shak. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. 1. To strip or clear of scale or scales; as, to scale a fish; to scale the inside of a boiler. [1913 Webster] 2. To take off in thin layers or scales, as tartar from the teeth; to pare off, as a surface. If all the mountains were… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale — Scale, v. t. [Cf. It. scalare, fr. L. scalae, scala. See {Scale} a ladder.] To climb by a ladder, or as if by a ladder; to ascend by steps or by climbing; to clamber up; as, to scale the wall of a fort. [1913 Webster] Oft have I scaled the craggy …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Scale-up —   [skeɪl ʌp, englisch] das, , Bezeichnung für die Maßstabsvergrößerung bei Anlagen der Verfahrenstechnik. Nach der häufig angewandten Ähnlichkeitstheorie werden bei der Übertragung von Laborergebnissen in den großtechnischen Maßstab möglichst… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • scale — [n1] graduated system calibration, computation, degrees, extent, gamut, gradation, hierarchy, ladder, order, pecking order*, progression, proportion, range, ranking, rate, ratio, reach, register, rule, scope, sequence, series, spectrum, spread,… …   New thesaurus

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